Adjara

Adjara is stretched in the ultimate south-Western part of Georgia, on the black sea coast. In the south it is bordered by Turkey. Its area is 2900 sq. km. Includes the city of Batumi and Kedi, Kobuleti, Khelvachauri, Shuakhevi and Khulo municipalities. Adjara is one ancient corners of Georgia which in historical annals of different times is mentioned under the label of `Adjara country`, `Adjara Khevi`, or Adjara gorge`.

Nature of Adjara is amazingly multifaceted: coastline Kobuleti is rich with parks and preserved territories; Keda is rich with therapeutic waters, tobacco of Keda is also well-known and won high praise from Cuban experts…

Shuakhevi villages alpine zones create wonderful opportunities for development of mountain skiing sport and tourism… the region is rich with historical and cultural sights a s well: ruins of antique time fortresses, ancient churches and monasteries, queen Tammar’s age arched bridges survive to the present…

Various resting and recreational opportunities make Adjara the most important resort area.

 

Resort of Batumi

Location: Kakhaberi lowland
Distance: 360 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  1250-1450 m
Landscape: plain-hillocky
Climate: maritime, humid subtropical, mean temperature in January 6,5 degrees, mean temperature in August 22,6 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 2718 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 81%
Duration of annual sunny light:  1958 h
Natural treatment factor: humid maritime subtropical climate and sea water
Type of therapy: aerial and sun baths, swimming in the sea, sea baths, curing walks and others
Diseases for treatment: cardiovascular and respiratory system diseases, iron-deficit anemia, endocrine and little physical activity caused obesity.

The capital of Adjara, Batumi, was built near the confluence of rivers Bartskhali and Korolistskali, on the coast of a well-guarded natural harbor – seaside of Batumi gulf.

As early I c. Roman naturalist and philosopher Pliny the Elder in his work History of Nature calls Batumi a sea harbor of `Batiss`.

In 1966 aquarium was opened where up to 100 species of fresh water, sea and ocean have their habitat. In 1975 dolphinarium, the first in the former Soviet Union, was built.

 

Resort of Beshumi

Location: mountainous area of Adjara
Distance: 30 km from Khulo, 120 km from Batumi, 490 km from Tbilisi
Sea level:  1850-1900 m
Landscape: mountainous
Climate: middle mountainous, moderately dry, winter cold, with plenty snow, mean temperature in January -5, degrees, summer moderately warm, mean temperature in August 17 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 1100 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 72%
Duration of annual sunny light:  2000 h
Natural treatment factor: middle mountain upper climate, application (drinking) of mineral water
Type of therapy: passive climate therapy
Diseases for treatment: chronic respiratory diseases of children, bronchial asthma, blood deficiency, cardiovascular and alimentary system diseases

 

Beshumi, 120 km away from Batumi, is a mountain climatic and spa resort. It is located on Batumi-Akhatsikhe road, 7 km from Goderdzei pass. Picturesque road leading from Batumi to Beshumi follows the gorge of river Adjaristskali rich with waterfalls.

Beshumi is settlement surrounded by coniferous forests and mountains. Low humidity and glut of ultraviolet sun rays, drinking and mineral water springs, therapeutic mud and air with clear oxygen are used for treatment of numerous diseases, including, but not limited to, chronic diseases of respiratory tracts. There are also several outlets of mineral waters used for curing food digestion system.

Starting from mid-June until the beginning of September Beshumi hosts thousands of vacationers who primarily from Batumi or Akhaltsikhe. The first Saturday and Sanday of August is the date when Beshumi hosts popular festival – Shuamtoba with lots of guests attending festivities. After official ceremony exposition of popular handicrafts, horse race, wrestling and public reveling are organized.

Most of time of the year resort area is deserted because in winter surrounding territory of Goderdzi pass is covered with snow as deep as 5-6 meters and the pass is closed for traffic.

 

Resort of Gonio

Location: Black Sea coast, left side of river of Chorokhi
Distance: 15 km away from downtown Batumi, 380 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  30 m
Landscape: mountainous
Climate: annual average temperature 14,8 degrees, in January 6,5 degrees, in August 23,4 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 2500 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 79%
Duration of annual sunny light:  1967 h
Natural treatment factor: humid maritime subtropical climate and sea water
Type of therapy: air and sun exposure, sea baths
Diseases for treatment: nervous system and cardiovascular diseases.

Black sea coastline of Adjara from tributary of river Chorokhi till Turkish border is several kilometers away. Local population was primarily engaged in agriculture, growing tobacco, citrus fruits and tea. after opening borders, the coastline of Gonio-Kvariati-Sarpi gradually became a popular resort destination. Vacationers have here seaside surrounded by mountains, wonderful scenery and warm, transparent sea water, peaceful gulf, while diving lovers are attracted by deep seabed.

Novadays Gonio-Kvariati has developed resort infrastructure germane for the resort area. Seaside is well-organized, there are many cafes, bars, shops. In recent years many hotels and rest-houses were built some of them right on the beach and some peppered on the slopes.

At the entrance of Gonio sits antique times Gonio-Apsaros Fortress. The fortress has been restored and is the biggest fortification structure in Georgia.

 

Resort of Makhindjauri

Location: narrow lane of seaside, 6 km to the North-West from Batumi
Distance: 350 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  15-100 m
Landscape: mountainous plain
Climate: maritime, humid subtropical, mean temperature in January 5,7, degree, mean temperature in August 22,6 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 2750 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 81%
Duration of annual sunny light:  1967 h
Natural treatment factor: humid maritime subtropical climate and sea water, sub-thermal, carbonate-hydro-carbonate-chloride, sodium mineral waters with general mineralization 0,2 g/dm3
Type of therapy: thalassotherapy, mineral water baths
Diseases for treatment: respiratory system cardiovascular, urinary and sexual and nervous system, gynecological diseases.

Territory of climatic spa resort of Makhinjauri hypsometrically is places on 15-100m altitude above sea level, between Kara-Dare and Green Cape. local population started using sub-thermal mineral water flowing out here for therapy as early as beginning of XX century.

Batumi Botanical Garden was founded by one of the summer residents there French gardener who cultivated around hid cottage of the picturesque Garden with alien plants to wit: oleanders, palms, cypresses, cedars, olive oil trees…

 

Resort of Sarpi

Location: Black Sea coast, tributary of river Tobashi
Distance: 20 km away from downtown Batumi, 385 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  1250-1450 m
Landscape: mountainous
Climate: seaside, humid subtropical
Average annual precipitation: 1500 mm
Duration of annual sunny light:  2100 h
Natural treatment factor: humid maritime subtropical climate and sea water
Type of therapy: air and sun exposure, sea baths
Diseases for treatment: respiratory tract and nervous system diseases.

 

Coastline climatic resort of Sarpi is located right on the Georgian-Turkish border crossing. There is a check-point in the village. Sarpi is the last point of the European backbone expressway 70 running across Georgia. Sarpi is no more than 3 km long, but it has wonderful mountainous scenery, fine stone beach and the cleanest sea water in Adjara resort zone.

Administratively Sarpi is a part of Khelvachauri municipality comprising historical Machakhela gorge. In 2012 the gorge was declared National Park. Machakhela National Park is part of ecological passageway that links preserved territories of southwestern Georgia (Mtirala and Kintrishi) with northern-eastern preserved territories of Turkey (namely, Camili Biosphere Sanctuary).

 

Resort of Kobuleti

Location: Black Sea coast strip, slopes of Adjara-Imereti range
Distance: 30 km from Batumi, 335 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  5 m
Landscape: plain
Climate: subtropical, moderately humid, winter mild, mean temperature in January 5, degrees, summer hot, mean temperature in August 23 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 2514 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 81%
Duration of annual sunny light:  2200 h
Natural treatment factor: air and sun exposure, sea baths
Type of therapy: passive climate therapy, mineral water baths
Diseases for treatment: nervous and cardiovascular system, respiratory tract, blood anemia and rickets.

Climatic and spa resort of Kobuleti is an important tourist center on the Adjara Sea coastline. Between beach and populated part of the town there is several-meter wide seaside strip with dense pine-tree groves. These groves create special microclimate that is considered to be a genuine therapeutic means against cardiovascular system and pulmonary diseases. Nowadays Kobuleti has good arrangement of resort  infrastructure.

There are three preserved territories near the resort: Kobuleti (770 ha), Kintrishi preserved territory (area 13893 ha) and Mtirala National Park (area 15806 ha). There are excellent places for rafting, ethnological, ecological and bird watching tours.

 

Resort of Chakvi

Location: Black sea coastline, gorge of rive Chakvistskali
Distance: 15 km away from downtown Batumi, 350 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  5-30 m
Landscape: mountainous
Climate: maritime, humid, subtropical climate, winter mild, without snow, mean temperature in January -5 degrees, summer hot,  mean temperature in August 23 degrees centigrade
Natural treatment factor: maritime, humid, subtropical climate and sea baths
Type of therapy: air and sun exposure, sea baths
Diseases for treatment: nervous and cardiovascular system, respiratory tracts non TB diseases, blood deficiency.

 

12 km away from Kobuleti, on the bank of river Chakvistskali is situated seaside climatic resort of Chakvi. It differs  from other seaside strip resorts of Adjara by its private and secluded nature: hotels and dacha cottages here are located in a calm coastline gulf near the beach which is divided from the settlement only by a narrow strip of fruit and citrus tree grove and a rail track.in Soviet period several rest-houses were operated in Chakvi while at the Scientific and Research Institute of Tea and Subtropical cultures located here intensive research was conducted for selection of Georgian varieties of tea. Today more than twenty famous varieties of Georgian tea, namely, Green tea N95 and Bouquet of Georgia, as well as Georgian I, Georgian II and others, were nurtured by scientists working in this institute.

In 20-ies century, aiming at development and facilitation of tea culture in the country a government program was worked out under the leading role of Chakvi-based Institute of Tea and Subtropical cultures. Within the frames of Georgia tens of tea processing factories were built. Tea harvest became a leading agricultural activity in Western Georgian regions of Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara and Imereti. It is well-known that in the 70s and 80s of the XX century Georgia manufactured 95 thousand tons of tea per year.

 

Resort of Tsikisdziri

Location: Black Sea narrow coast strip
Distance: 5 km away from Kobuleti, 25 km away from Batumi, 340 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level:  50 m
Landscape: mountainous
Climate: maritime, humid, subtropical climate, mean temperature in January 6, degrees, mean temperature in August 22,6 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 2732 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 78%
Duration of annual sunny light:  2200-2300 h
Natural treatment factor: maritime, humid, subtropical climate and sea water
Type of therapy: air and sun exposure, sea baths
Diseases for treatment: respiratory tract and nervous system functional diseases.

 

Seaside climatic resort of Tsikhisdziri is situated 5 km from Kobuleti. Grean-clad slopes surrounding the resort are covered with citrus tree groves, tea plantations and bamboo alleys.in the central part of the village on the acropolis, Petra-fortress Museum-Reserve stretches on 7 ha. It is presumed that near the fortress, even in the sea there might be ruins of old town.

Rocky sea bed of Tsikhisdziri full of cavities, its warm water creates favorable conditions for reproduction of small crawfishes and other creatures used by fish for feeding that is precondition of fish surfeit in these places. That is why one can see school of fish of the species of mullet, sea perch and crucial carp, as well as sole that also shows up frequently.