Resort of Manglisi
Location: south slopes of Trialeti range, gorge of river Odzisi
Distance: 30 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level: 1204m
Landscape: hillocky plateau
Climate: moderate mountain climate, winter moderately cold, snow cover stable from December until beginning of March, mean temperature in January – 2,2 degrees centigrade, summer moderately dry and warm, mean temperature in August 18,4 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 690 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 72%
Duration of annual sunny light: 2200 h
Natural treatment factors: middle mountain lower belt climate
Types of therapy: passive climate therapy
Diseases for treatment: lung TB and non-TB chronic diseases, bronchial asthma
Many centuries ago on the South slope of Trialeti range, on the wide plateau surrounded by mountains, there was a settlement named Odzisi that was a center of Aldagi gorge and one of the hotbeds of dissemination of Christianity in Georgia. But in 1795 strong and rich gorge was totally devastated as a result of cruel invasions of Iranians.
On the venue of ancient Odzisi, today’s settlement of Manglisi seems to be founded in XIX century. Special climatic conditions and water springs which are numerous on the territory of the settlement, as far back as then attracted attention of specialists. In 1923 the settlement was officially recognized a resort and the first rest-house for children was inaugurated, followed in several years by the first children’s health center.
Today Manglisi is a resort settlement. Within the sanitary boundaries of the resort, on the mountain slopes around Manglisi plateau, pine-tree forest is stretched. Plateau is open to the South that ensures moderate ventilation of air. Moderately warm and dry climate of Manglisi is recommended for curing respiratory organs diseases and their prevention. Especially wholesome is the end of spring, time for florescence and pollination of pine-trees.
There are numerous fresh and mineral water springs mushroomed in the settlement itself and its environs, as well as in surrounding gorges and mountain slopes, but their qualities at this point have not been scientifically studied.
Resort of Kumisi
Location: between Yagluja highland and Tsalaskuri plain, to the North-Western direction from Kumisi Lake
Distance: 20 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level: 480 m
Landscape: hillocky plain
Climate: mild, continental, dry, winter soft with little snow, mean temperature in January 0 degrees centigrade, summer hot, dry, mean temperature in August 24 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 550 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 68%
Duration of annual sunny light: 2200 h
Natural treatment factors: low mountain climate and Kumisi Lake sulfide therapeutic mud containing silicon, aluminium, aro oxides and other biologically active ingredients. Besides Kumisi Lake water – chloride-sulphate, magnesium-calcium-sodium mineral water with general mineralization of 15-25 g/dm3
Types of therapy: therapeutic mud bath and applications, passive climate therapy
Diseases for treatment: cardiovascular, gynecological and musculoskeletal system diseases, neprhritis, cystitis, chronic gastritis, colitis, chronic hepatitis, and also nervous system disorders: radiculitis, encephaltis
Gardabani municipality is located in the ssouth of the country, near the Azerbaijan border. Territory begins among the slopes of Kojori-Sakaraulo, Mtatsminda, Tabori and Teleti and on its way to south it gradually turns into a plain. The bulk of the municipality border is accompanied by Georgia’s and Transcaucasia’s longest river Mtkvari. On the bank of river Mtkvari, between Teleti slope and Yagluja highland, on the Kumisi hollow, is situated the hamlet of Kumisi – upper-belt peloid and health resort area noted for its medicinal mud. The therapeutic mud is extracted from artificial lake located in the Southeastern part of the village the floor of which is covered with pseudo-volkanic-origin mud having high quality medicinal properties. The thickness of the silt is several tend of sm. The mud is actively used at Tbilisi Spa Resort.
Up to the middle of the last century, on the place of today’s Kumisi Lake there was a small (0,48 sq.km) salty lake of Pseudo-karst origin with a big content of Glaubers salts. In the 1960-ies the basin of the lake was filled with waters of river Mtkvari. The water level went up and lake became desalinized. Today the basin area of Kumisi Lake is 97 sq. km, and surface area roughly 5 sq. km. the length is 3 km, width – 1 km. the depth of the Lake according to the changing level of water, hovers from 4 to 6 meters. The lakeside is covered with sedge grass and the reeds that are good refuge for water birds.
Kumisi Lake. There are lots of mullet, silver carp, common carp, cat-fish, minnows, barbell and other spesies of fish. Nearby there is fishing farm that is very popular among the lowers of fishing.
Resort area of Dmanisi
Location: south mountain land of Georgia, both river Mashavera (basin of river Khrami)
Distance: 130 km away from Rustavi, 120 km away from Tbilisi
Sea level: 1250 m
Climate: moderately humid, winter moderately cold, mean temperature in January – 2,7 degrees centigrade, snow cover from mid-December up to the end of March, summer moderately warm, mean temperature in July 18,2 degrees centigrade
Average annual precipitation: 698 mm
Average comparative annual humidity: 73%
Duration of annual sunny light: 1760 h
Natural treatment factors: middle mountain low belt climate and slightly sulfide, chloride-hidro-carbonate, sodium, mineral waters available in the Dmanisi environs with general mineralization of 0,4-0,8 g/dm3
Types of therapy: mineral water application (drinking), passive climate therapy
Diseases for treatment: cardiovascular system pathologies, bronchial asthma, chronic gastritis, cystistis, urinary and calculus disease, iron-deficit anemia
Trialeti, historical and geographic region of Georgia located between Javakheti and Kartli, earlier encompassed territories of Tsalka and Dmanisi munisipalities, and was famous with livestock breeding and field-crop cultivation. Region located on the crossroads of Eastern Georgia, in the course of time, as a result of continuous invasions of enemies, became nearly deserted. However, it preserved for us rich historical heritage: more than hundred churches and ruins of fortresses and settlements, caves and cavities, boulder structures and settlements, boulder monoliths.
As it looks, the first human being in the Transcaucasia also made his first abode here, in historical Trialeti, on the territory of Dmanisi. It happened nearly 1,800.000 years ago. After excavations in Dmanisi region in 1999 and 2001 skulls of the first Eurasian hominids and chin bones were unearthed. Scholars named them Homo Georgikus.
Georgia’s Preserved Territories were expanded in in 2013 when Dashbashi and Samshvilde canyons were added to their list. Canyons are shaped by river Khrami. Its riverbed was formed in the volcanic (basalt lava) rocks on which Tsalka plateau and Khrami massif are positioned. Underground water outlets and waterfalls, natural and human-made caves multiply on the slope. Canyon is the best object for educational and scientific tours since on the slopes of a canyon one can vividly see history of geologic development of the region. Dashbashi canyon is situated on the elevation of 1500 m above sea level.