Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia and the historical center of the Caucasus, is among the oldest cities in the world.
Tbilisi occupies an eponymous basin in Eastern Georgia , standing on both banks of the Mtkvari River, at 380-600 from the sea level. King Bagrat IV fought for its liberation, but many of his attempts proved unsuccessful. In 1122, King David IV the Builder managed to liberate the city from foreign lordship and made it the capital of united Georgia by moving the seat of his power there.
Today Tbilisi proudly stands as a capital of independent Georgia and gradually reassumes its dominant role in the region by both preserving the historically established attitudes and traditions as well as becoming a modern European metropolis.
Tbilisi, the Georgian heaven, a larger-than-life city standing on cultural crossroads with doors eternally open to guests… this place knows no peers in hospitality, and leaving it inevitably fills one with sadness and an irresistible desire to come back.
Georgians themselves need no convincing – simply wandering through our capitals streets is a pastime that never gets boring.
Discover your own Tbilisi and bask in the kaleidoscope of emotions and moods that it imparts to you.
Tbilisi as part of the silk road
Today Tbilisi is a crucial industrial, social and cultural center of the Caucasus region, in addition to gradually becoming an important energy, trade and transportation hub, which is already exemplified by Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum oil and gas pipelines running through it. the city’s historical position as part of one of the famous Silk Roads routes remains, making it an important crossroads uniting Northern Caucasus, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
The Tbilisi porch
The architecture of Tbilisi took on new shapes and incorporated new elements, including the porch, which became widespread in 1850-1860s. the staple was a large front door decorated with wood carvings, with a small window in its upper part protected by an ornamental lattice. Each door was commissioned separately; there was no mass production and every single one of them was a unique work of art.
The Tbilisian yard
It is said that Tbilisi is a meeting place for architectural styles from all over the world – a peaceful meeting place, mind you, not a ground for miscegenation. Indeed, Tbilisian architecture is a synthesis of various styles that do not overshadow but instead complement each other. One example of this is the Tbilisian yard.
These yards are truly a phenomenon – a bunch of vastly different houses jumbled around one common area, with families of various ethnicities and religious denominations existing independently and maintaining their way of live while sharing living space in a colorful synergy.
The Dry Bridge – an emporium of dreams
The dry bridge was built in 1849-51 under supervision of an Italian architect Giovanni Scudieri. In the 1930s below it flowed one of the creeks of the Mtkvari River, creating the so-called Orbeliani Island. However, the creek eventually dried up, ending the islands existence and rendering the bridge pointless, hence `Dry Bridge`.
Today this place is the country’s main flea market. Starting from Soviet memorabilia and souvenirs and ending with traditional crafts, cloths and trinkets, the Dry Bridge is a tourist magnet if there ever was one. It is always crowded with customers, and nearby parks and workshops lend it an absolutely unique atmosphere.
Known as Golovin Avenue in the past and colloquially as simply `Rustaveli`. This avenue is the central street of Tbilisi, named after epic poet Shota Rustaveli. It is frequently called the lifeline of Tbilisi, being home to numerous state, social, cultural and business institutions. Among them are the Georgian Parlament, the Supreme Court, Kashveti Church, National Museum of Georgia, Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theater, Rustaveli Academic Thather, Georgian Academy of Sciences and others.
Rustaveli avenue has always been the epicenter of Georgia’s important political, social or cultural events.