Adjara Region

Adjara Region

The sub-tropical climate, the unique combination of the sea and the mountains, leisure and knowledge, rich and diverse nature as well as abundance of historical and cultural monuments – all this awaits you in Adjara.

Batumi, with its old and new architecture, an ancient port, a seaside boulevard, European squares and streets, world-class hotels and picturesque cafes, is the best expression of modern Georgia. At the Batumi Botanical Garden, you will find plants from nine climatic zones and a visit to the city′s Dolphinarium will guarantee you a time of your life.

In Adjara, you can taste Chkhaveri wine from Keda and the delicious Adjarian Khachapuri – all while checking out Roman ruins at the Gonio Fortress.

This is Adjara in all its glory, with all the amazing history and culture this entails!

Adjara, a historical and geographical region of Georgia, is located in the southwestern corner of the country, on the black Sea coast.

Historically, as an indivisible part of the Chorokhi river basin, it was an area that was considered part of another region, Meskheti. Various historical sourses refer to it as Country of Adjara, Adjara Ravine or Adjara Gorge. It was divided into two parts: Higher Adjara (centuries ago, its center was Didi-Adjara, later Khikhani and finally Khulo) and Lower Adjara, with the center being Keda. The central part was called Shuakhevi (lit.middle of the Gorge).

Today, Adjara enjoys the status of an autonomous republic within Georgia, which is based on several geopolitical and historical reasons. In the 1570s, Adjara was invaded by the Ottoman Empire and its liberation became possible only in the 19th century, after the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War, in 1878, following the decision of Berlin Congress, Adjara and other historical lands were handed to the Russian Empire and included into what was a historical territory of Georgia, the Kutaisi Governorate. In 1921, on the basis of the Treaty of Kars, certain parts of Adjara (Zeda Machakheli, Zeda Maradidi), were handed back to the Ottoman Empire and in the same year, the rest of the region was given the status of an autonomous republic within the Soviet Union.

The name of the region is first mentioned in the 7th century inscriptions. It is speculated that the word Adjara comes from a geographical name Achi. It is very probable that both Adjara and Achi are linked to the word Chani, which is another name for the Laz (indigenous people of Adjara) and refer to the area they inhabited.

Most of Adjara′s territory is occupied by mountains and ravines. As for the coastal part, it consists of Kobuleti and Kakhabra lowlands. Between the Meskheti, Shavsheti and Arsiani mountain ranges, lies the Adjara Basin.

Adjara stands out among other Georgian regions with its mild, warm climate. Here one can find mountains, lowlands, various kinds of ravines and a very diverse fauna as well as centuries-old archeological, historical and architectural sites.

Economy-wise, Adjara is mostly an agricultural region where sub-tropical plants (tea and citruses) are cultivated. One can also find tobacco plantations here. The most important economic fields include tobacco production, mechanical engineering, oil production and tourism.

As one of the oldest Christian countries, Georgia is distinguished for its original culture and Adjara is home to the first humans who ever lived on the territory of modern Georgia. Adjara is famous for its flinty, vaulted bridges and various religious monuments; the later have very deep-reaching historical roots. 6th century Petra Fortress (Tsikhisdziri), 9th century Khino, 13th century Skhalta and other landmarks are distinct Christian diamonds embodied in the Georgian architecture. Their existence tells us a lot about Adjara′s past and its strong connection with other Georgian regions. The place has beautiful mosques as well and they, too, are inseparable parts of Adjara′s rich history. They fact that Christian and Muslim temples stand together represents the best example of Georgia′s tolerant culture as well as its statehood as a unified country.

Adjara Cuisine

By one glance at the Ajarian cuisine we can discover a whole palette of colors. Variety of different products, used in the local dishes, confirms this. Simple, nourishing taste of hillside and delicate aromas of seashore get blended in Ajara. Historically, Ajara had been under the influence of Ottoman Empire; correspondingly, the Turkish cuisine has left a significant imprint on its cuisine. First of all, this fact is confirmed by Ajarian sweets: Baklava, sweet cake, etc. Milk products are more common in hillside Ajara, since it is more nourishing and heavy. Seashore culinary is different. On the one hand, it is typical for western Georgia to mix spices – utskhosuneli, dried coriander, pepper, and on the other hand, dishes seasoned with eastern spices differentiate Ajarian cookery from all others. Most renowned Ajarian dishes are Borano (cheese melted in butter), Chirbuli (made of eggs and walnuts), Kaimaghi (cheese ground in fresh cream) and Sinori (made of curd cheese and dough).

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